【英语中国】美国发布中国军力报告

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所属分类:双语中国

2011-8-28 02:21

小艾摘要: China made substantial progress in building its military strength in 2010 but the US remains “unclear” how Beijing will use its growing capabilities, according to an annual assessment by the Pentago ...
China made substantial progress in building its military strength in 2010 but the US remains “unclear” how Beijing will use its growing capabilities, according to an annual assessment by the Pentagon.

The report, issued on Wednesday, concludes that, militarily, China’s sustained modernisation programme is “paying visible dividends”.

“During 2010, China made strides toward fielding an operational antiship ballistic missile, continued work on its aircraft carrier programme and finalised the prototype of its first stealth aircraft,” the report adds.

Beijing unveiled that stealth aircraft, the J-20, in January, a move closely followed by the maiden voyage of China’s first aircraft carrier.

Although China’s economy has grown rapidly over the past decade, with some estimating it will overtake the US’s economy by 2020, it still falls far behind its main superpower rival in terms of military might.

However, the latest report concludes that the China “is steadily closing the technological gap with modern armed forces”.

China’s military has benefited from increased investment in modern hardware and technology, the report notes, some of which have already reached maturity, while others will become operational in the next few years.

In foreign policy terms, China is also becoming more proactive – this week demanding that it join the international reconstruction effort for Libya.

As part of its broader agenda, the People’s Liberation Army has been tasked with developing capabilities for military operations outside of combat, including peacekeeping, disaster relief and counter-terrorism operations, the report noted.

With tensions between US-allied South Korea and China-allied North Korea still high, US planners are increasingly nervous about what a newly militarised China will mean for geopolitical and military relations in Asia.

Taiwan, which has rejected unification with the People’s Republic, will continue to dominate the PLA’s modernation and operational planning, the report concludes. So far, a long-term non-aggression pact has not been signed.

美国五角大楼的一份年度评估报告称,2010年中国在军力建设方面取得可观进展,但美国仍“不清楚”北京方面将如何使用其日益增长的军力。

据周三发布的这份报告总结,中国在军事上的持续现代化计划“正在带来明显回报”。

报告还称:“2010年,中国在部署一种实战性反舰弹道导弹方面迈出大步,继续推进航空母舰计划,还完成了首款隐形战机的雏形。”

中国政府在1月让歼-20隐形战机亮相,不久后,中国首艘航空母舰也进行了处女航。

虽然过去十年里中国经济迅速增长,有人预测会在2020年超过美国经济,但在军力方面,中国仍远远落后于它的这个主要超级大国对手。

但是,这份新报告总结称,中国“正在逐步缩小与那些现代化军队之间的科技差距。”

报告指出,现代硬件与科技方面的投资增加,给中国军队带来了好处。一些硬件与科技已经成熟,还有一些将在未来几年具备实战性。

在外交政策方面,中国也在变得更为积极——本周中国要求加入重建利比亚的国际行动。

报告指出,作为其更广泛的计划的一部分,中国人民解放军已经承担了一些发展非作战性军事行动能力的职责,包括维和、救灾、反恐行动等。

由于美国盟国韩国与中国盟国朝鲜之间依然高度紧张,美国的筹划者越来越担心,中国的重新军事化将给亚洲的地缘政治与军事关系带来何种影响。

报告总结称,中国人民解放军的现代化计划与行动规划,将继续以台湾为主要针对点。台湾一直拒绝与中华人民共和国统一。目前为止,两岸尚未签订长期的互不侵犯协定。

译者/何黎

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