【英语中国】中国公务用车新规引发各方热议

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所属分类:双语中国

2011-11-28 12:30

小艾摘要: China issued new rules for vehicles purchased by public servants that require them to spend less and buy more fuel-efficient, smaller-engine vehicles, including electric cars, as it clamps down on gro ...
China issued new rules for vehicles purchased by public servants that require them to spend less and buy more fuel-efficient, smaller-engine vehicles, including electric cars, as it clamps down on growing criticism of extravagant spending.

The new rules, issued jointly earlier this month by the Communist Party and state agencies, come amid rising public anger over corruption. It also comes as China increasingly identifies rising fuel consumption as a public issue on both economic and environmental grounds.

Many Chinese government officials are allowed to purchase vehicles for official use, and a number of officials acquire luxury cars like the Audi A6 and Mercedes-Benz E-Class, and often use chauffeurs on private as well as official business. Car use by public officials─who often aggressively assert themselves on the busy streets of China's crowded cities─feeds into public perceptions of corruption as the central government moves to crack down on offenses such as misuse of public funds.

The new rules lower the maximum amount that 'regular,' or mid-level, government officials can spend on their cars to 180,000 yuan (about $28,200) from 200,000. They also require officials to buy vehicles with engines smaller than 1.8 liters, according to an announcement posted on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Previously, those officials could purchase cars with engines as big as two liters.

The party and the government also added 'new-energy vehicles'─all-electric cars and plug-in electric hybrid cars─to the government's list of cars that meet purchase rules.

It was unclear whether Chinese policy makers also enacted tougher rules for minister-level officials and other senior bureaucrats. According to an earlier draft of new rules seen by foreign auto officials, the maximum senior officials could spend would drop to 380,000 yuan from 450,000, while maximum engine size would drop to 2.5 liters from three liters. The new policy, and state-run media reports Friday, didn't mention those restrictions.

The state-run Xinhua news agency on Friday quoted Ye Qing, a deputy with the National People's Congress, China's legislature, as saying that the new policy is aimed at helping reduce government expenses by discouraging purchases of upper-scale cars while helping to cut emissions. The current budget for official vehicles in China is more than 100 billion yuan in total a year, Xinhua said.

In essence, the new rules mean that mid-level officials who used to be able to buy a lower-end Volkswagen Passat or a Toyota Camry may not be able to do so any more, said a China-based official with a foreign auto maker. They will probably have to settle for a Volkswagen Jetta or a Toyota Corolla instead, the official said.

Others said auto makers like Volkswagen are introducing a version of the Passat with a smaller engine, and that might help officials keep buying upper-scale cars if dealers are willing to give them a discount or through other loopholes.

Yale Zhang, an analyst with consulting firm Automotive Foresight (Shanghai) Co., said he foresees 'not much impact' on what cars mid-level officials would buy, including from the 'new-energy' car rules.

Some two dozen cities across China are designated as model cities for new-energy cars, and they are likely to buy more Chinese-produced green cars, including the e6 all-electric car from China's BYD Co. and a plug-in hybrid version of the BYD F3, said Mr. Zhang. But supply of those green vehicles is still limited, he added, and they remain impractical for regular day-to-day use. 'It would take more time for those purchases to grow,' he said.

China hopes to bolster its production of such fuel-efficient vehicles, however. Auto-industry officials expect that new rules set to be released in coming weeks or months will require foreign companies planning to produce and sell new-energy cars in China to hand over technology related to fuel-efficient vehicles.

NORIHIKO SHIROUZU

中国出台公务购车新规,要求官员减少购车费用,购买更省油、排量较小的车辆,包括电动车等。此举是在政府采取措施平抑民众对政府官员的奢侈消费日益不满的情绪之际推出的。

Bloomberg News一辆停在人民大会堂外的奥迪A6轿车。在公众对政府腐败问题感到越来越愤怒的当口,中国共产党和相关政府部门在本月早些时候联合颁布了这项新规。中国也日益认识到,不断增加的油耗无论是对经济还是环境而言都是一个公共问题。

很多中国政府官员都可因公务需要而购买车辆,其中一些官员买的都是奥迪(Audi)A6和梅赛德斯-奔驰(Mercedes-Benz)E级轿车等豪华车型,并且常常让司机接送,不仅办理公务时是这样,就连“公车私用”时亦如此。政府官员的用车行为(有些官员常在人口密集城市中的繁忙路段上耀武扬威地摆谱)加深了公众对腐败的体认,而中央政府此时正采取行动以制止滥用公款等违规行为。

新规降低了“一般”(即中层)政府官员的购车花费上限,从以前的20万元调低至18万元(约2.82万美元)。此外,根据中国工业和信息化部网站发布的声明,新规还要求官员购买排量小于1.8升的汽车。此前,这些官员可购买排量最大为2升的汽车。

此外,共产党和中央政府还把“新能源轿车”(纯电动与插电式混合动力车)加入符合新规的公务车型列表。

不过,中国决策者是否对部级官员和其他高级官员的用车也制定了更加严格的规定目前尚无从得知。据外国汽车行业高管早些时候看过的新规草案,高级官员最高购车支出从45万元降至38万元,最大排量从3升降至2.5升。新规及中国国有媒体上周五的报道均未提及上述限制。

新华社上周五援引全国人大代表叶青的话称,新规旨在通过购买限制高档公务车,帮助减少政府支出,同时有助于减排。新华社报道说,目前中国每年公务车消费支出超过1,000亿元。

一家外国汽车厂商驻北京的一位管理人士称,实际上,新规意味着过去可以买较低端的大众(Volkswagen)帕萨特或丰田(Toyota)凯美瑞等轿车的中层官员不能再买这种车了,他们或许将不得不满足于大众捷达或丰田卡罗拉等车型。

另有人称,大众将推出一款排量更小的帕萨特,其他一些汽车厂商也将采取类似举措。这样一来,如果汽车经销商愿意提供折扣或通过钻其他空子,官员们或许能够继续买高档公务车。

汽车咨询公司Automotive Foresight (Shanghai) Co.分析师张豫(Yale Zhang)说,预计新规(包括有关新能源汽车的规定)不会对中层官员的公务用车档次带来太大的影响。

张豫说,中国指定的新能源汽车示范城市有二十多个,这些城市可能购买更多国产节能汽车,包括比亚迪生产的e6全电动汽车和插电式油电混合型汽车比亚迪F3。不过,他也说,这类节能汽车的供应量仍然有限,而且对日常使用来说仍不太实际。他说,要想实现节能汽车购置量的增长还需要更长的时间。

不过,中国希望推进这类节能汽车的生产。汽车行业管理人士预计,未来几周或几个月出台的新规定将要求计划在中国生产和销售新能源汽车的外国厂商转让节能汽车相关技术。

NORIHIKO SHIROUZU

(更新完成)

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