【英语中国】中国将与乌克兰“贷款换玉米”

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所属分类:双语中国

2012-9-26 22:14

小艾摘要: Ukraine is set to sign an unusual loan-for-crops contract with China that will see Kiev receive $3bn in credit lines in exchange for supplies of corn, or maize, a commodity that Beijing has started to ...
Ukraine is set to sign an unusual loan-for-crops contract with China that will see Kiev receive $3bn in credit lines in exchange for supplies of corn, or maize, a commodity that Beijing has started to import in large quantities.

The deal expands into food the scheme that Beijing has used to secure energy supplies through so-called oil-for-loans deals with countries such as Venezuela. It has been reached at a time of concern about global food security.

Mykola Prysyazhnyuk, Ukraine agriculture minister, said the deal with the Export-Import Bank of China would be signed in mid-October.

“China is asking for about 3m tonnes of corn each year?.?.?.?to be supplied at market prices that are set at the time of export,” Mr Prysyazhnyuk told the Financial Times. The deal between Kiev and Beijing comes as China has rapidly become the world’s fifth largest importer of corn. The country will buy overseas about 8.3m tonnes of the commodity between 2011 and 2013, or as much as it imported in the previous 15 years combined, according to estimates from the US Department of Agriculture.

Corn is a key feedmeal to fatten cows, sheep and pigs as consumption of meat in China continues to grow, analysts said. “This market is important and attractive for us. We have not yet exported crop there,” Mr Prysyazhnyuk said.

Ukraine, already one of the world’s largest exporters of wheat and corn, is betting that a new relationship with China will open up access to a huge market, boosting agriculture investment.

乌克兰将与中国签订罕见的“贷款换粮食作物”合同。根据合同,乌克兰将向中国供应玉米,换取中方提供的30亿美元信贷额度。北京方面已开始大量进口玉米。

中国曾通过与委内瑞拉等国签订所谓的“石油换贷款”交易来保障本国的能源供应,现在,这类安排已扩展到粮食领域。乌中两国间的这笔交易是在全球粮食安全引发担忧之际达成的。

乌克兰农业部长米科拉?普雷西亚日纽克(Mykola Prysyazhnyuk)称,与中国进出口银行(Export-Import Bank of China)达成的这笔交易将于10月中旬签署。

“中方要求的玉米供应量是每年约300万吨……价格为出口时设定的市场价格,”普雷西亚日纽克对英国《金融时报》说。目前,中国已迅速成长为世界第五大玉米进口国。据美国农业部(USDA)估计,中国在2011年至2013年间将进口约830万吨玉米,相当于过去15年进口量的总和。

分析师称,玉米是催肥牛、羊和猪的重要饲料,而中国的肉类消费量正在持续增长。普雷西亚日纽克说:“这个市场很重要,对我们很有吸引力。我们迄今还未向中国市场出口过粮食作物。”

乌克兰已是世界最大的小麦和玉米出口国之一,该国认为与中国建立新的关系将能打开中国巨大的市场,从而促进本国的农业投资。

译者/徐天辰

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