【英语财经】奥巴马呼吁建立50亿美元反恐基金 Obama in new $5bnanti-terror campaign

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2014-5-29 21:35

小艾摘要: Barack Obama called for the creation of a $5bn fund to back counter-terrorism efforts and unveiled more backing for moderate Syrian rebels as he laid out a vision that rests on the prudent use of mili ...
Obama in new $5bnanti-terror campaign
Barack Obama called for the creation of a $5bn fund to back counter-terrorism efforts and unveiled more backing for moderate Syrian rebels as he laid out a vision that rests on the prudent use of military power.

Addressing the graduating class at the West Point military academy, the US president said “America must always lead on the world stage” but said it would only use its military might when “core interests” were under threat. “Just because we have the best hammer does not mean that every problem is a nail,” he said.

Emphasising what has become one of the defining themes of his foreign policy outlook, he said he was focused on avoiding “costly mistakes”.

The president was speaking after a series of crises – from Ukraine to Syria to the South China Sea – raised questions at home and among allies about his decisiveness and about the direction of US foreign policy.

In what White House officials described as a new approach to fighting terrorism to reflect the end of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, Mr Obama said the new counter terrorism fund would allow the US to “train, build capacity, and facilitate partner countries on the front lines and give us flexibility to fulfil different missions”. It would help form a “network of partnerships from south Asia to the Sahel”.

Terrorism still remained the biggest threat to the US, he said, but Washington needed new partners to help address the risks from al-Qaeda that have spread well beyond Afghanistan and Pakistan and have become more “diffuse”.

Mr Obama also said the US would increase its military assistance to the moderate sections of the Syrian opposition fighting the regime of Bashar al-Assad. A senior official said the White House would discuss with Congress a plan to allow the Pentagon to train and advise parts of the opposition. The initiative would probably enhance the training already being provided by the CIA.

After a senior official described Syria on Tuesday as primarily a “counter-terrorism challenge” – a reference to the presence of al-Qaeda sympathisers among the opposition – critics have suggested the administration was toning down its opposition to the Assad regime.

However, secretary of state John Kerry said yesterday that the regime was the root cause of terrorism in Syria. “The fact is that Assad is the greatest magnet for terrorists within the ungoverned spaces of Syria that you could imagine,” he said.

Mr Obama went some way to address allies’ uncertainties about the direction of his foreign policy, insisting the US was prepared to take unilateral military action “when the security of our allies is in danger”.

美国总统巴拉克?奥巴马(Barack Obama)呼吁建立一只50亿美元的基金来支持反恐努力,并宣布对温和派叙利亚反政府武装加大支持。他阐述了一个以审慎使用军事力量为基础的愿景。

巴马在西点军校(West Point military academy)毕业典礼上发表演讲,称“美国必须永远在世界舞台上领头”,但他表示,美国将只有在“核心利益”受到威胁的情况下才会动用强大军力。他说:“不要只因为我们有最好的锤子就认为每个问题都是钉子。”

奥巴马强调,他专注于避免犯“代价高昂的错误”,这一点已成为他的外交政策愿景的标志性主题之一。

美国总统发表此番言论之前,一系列危机——从乌克兰到叙利亚,再到南中国海——导致美国国内乃至美国的盟国对他的决断力和美国外交政策走向提出了质疑。

奥巴马表示,新的反恐基金将让美国能够“帮助伙伴国家训练、建设相关能力,支援它们在前线作战,同时赋予我们完成各种任务的灵活性”。它将有助于构建“从南亚到萨赫勒(Sahel,非洲撒哈拉沙漠和苏丹草原地区之间一条横跨多个国家的地带——译者注)的伙伴关系网”。白宫官员称,这是一种打击恐怖主义的新方式,代表着伊拉克和阿富汗战争的结束。

奥巴马说,恐怖主义仍是美国面对的最大威胁,但华盛顿方面需要新的合作伙伴来帮助应对来自基地组织(al-Qaeda)的风险,这种风险已扩散至远超出阿富汗和巴基斯坦的范围,变得更加“分散”。

奥巴马还表示,美国将对正与巴沙尔?阿萨德(Bashar al-Assad)政权作战的叙利亚反对派中的温和派别增加军事援助。一名高级官员称,白宫将与美国国会讨论一项计划,让五角大楼(Pentagon)向部分反政府武装提供训练和建议。这一举措很可能将增强目前已经由美国中央情报局(CIA)提供的训练。

一名高级官员周二曾形容叙利亚的局势主要是一个“反恐挑战”——此言指的是反政府武装中存在基地组织同情者。对此,批评者提出,奥巴马政府在放软其反对阿萨德政权的立场。

然而,美国国务卿约翰?克里(John Kerry)昨日表示,阿萨德政权是叙利亚存在恐怖主义的根本原因。他说:“事实是,在叙利亚那些无人统治的地区,阿萨德是你可以想像的吸引恐怖分子的最大磁石。”

奥巴马作出了一些努力来化解盟国对他外交政策走向的疑虑,坚称“当我们盟国的安全处于危险时”,美国准备采取单边军事行动。

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