【英语财经】暴力事件令乌鲁木齐大巴扎生意受损 Violence in Urumqi Hurts Bazaar Business

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2014-5-26 12:51

小艾摘要: The Grand Bazaar in Urumqi has been a tourist draw for a decade--since it opened in a new plaza meant to evoke the historic caravan-trade culture of Central Asia. But stall owners say fewer tourists a ...
Violence in Urumqi Hurts Bazaar Business
The Grand Bazaar in Urumqi has been a tourist draw for a decade--since it opened in a new plaza meant to evoke the historic caravan-trade culture of Central Asia. But stall owners say fewer tourists are showing up to buy colorful headscarves, knives and other trinkets since a recent uptick in violent attacks in the city and elsewhere in China's westernmost region of Xinjiang.

'The biggest issue is that business isn't as good. A lot of people are concerned about the attacks, and many people are getting hurt,' said Ma Ziding, a 35-year-old pocketknife seller.

A mixture of China's majority Han Chinese and Uighurs, a Turkic-speaking, mainly Muslim ethnic group, trickled into the outdoor plaza Saturday morning to shop or take photos against the backdrop of a massive tower and mosque.

'A lot of customers don't dare come,' said a 50-year-old Chinese man who gave his last name as Li. Mr. Li, whose shop sells trinkets, scarves and cigarettes, said foot traffic in the indoor bazaar has fallen by at least 90% this year. 'There were so many people here last year that you couldn't even move,' he said. 'The government needs to think of a way to fix this.'

A simmering separatist rebellion by some Uighurs against Chinese rule has flared into occasional violence over the decades. In the past year, violent attacks have picked up and, unlike in the past, begun targeting civilians.

In late April a knife and bomb attack at Urumqi's main railway station killed three and injured 79. Then, on Thursday, men drove cars into a street-side market and detonated explosives, leaving 43 dead and wounding 94. The dead included four of the attackers; police arrested a suspected fifth attacker in another part of Xinjiang, state media reported early Saturday.

The tourists in the bazaar brushed off the violence. 'It's fine. The situation isn't that serious,' said a Han Chinese man, a 53-year-old teacher who also gave his last name as Li. Mr. Li said he arrived in Urumqi on Friday night from Beijing to tour the region with his younger brother. He said he knew about the Thursday's attack but chose not to cancel his trip.

Security around the bazaar was noticeable, though lighter than on Friday, when hundreds of Uighurs gathered in the plaza for their weekly prayer. An armored police vehicle remained parked outside an entrance and bag checks were enforced. An outlet of the French hypermarket Carrefour, located underground beneath the bazaar, installed a bag-screening machine at its entrances on Wednesday, according to an employee.

Outside the entrance to a clothing market were pasted notices torn out of a newspaper containing a speech--in both Chinese and Uighur--denouncing the attack by the head of the Xinjiang regional government.

Tourism has become an important part of the Xinjiang economy, allowing the development of smaller businesses. The region's oil, gas and mineral resources, as well as its agriculture, are dominated by big, mostly state-owned entities.

One seller of cigarettes, scarves and other souvenirs, who gave his surname as Song, said the number of customers at his shop had halved since last year. He suggested the government support small-business owners by introducing policies to offset the decline in customers.

Not everyone at the bazaar was convinced the recent attacks are the reason for the sharp decline in visitors. Ma Linyu, who sells medicinal herbs and is a member of another predominantly Muslim ethnic group, the Hui, blamed instability in China and the rest of the world. She said the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 and China's conflict with Vietnam and others in the South China Sea are contributing to an overall slump of vacationers in China.

'The entire country is like this; it's not just Xinjiang,' she said. Although there was a noticeable drop in traffic for a few days after this month's train-station blast, she said traffic has consistently been lower since the second half of last year.

Still, Ms. Ma praised the police presence outside the bazaar. 'The police standing outside is a good thing. They protect us. If they weren't there, we would be in a worse situation.'

Agence France-Presse/Getty Images图为去年7月,乌鲁木齐的大巴扎。商贩们说,近来出于对暴力袭击的担忧,来这里的游客人数大减。
新疆乌鲁木齐的大巴扎(Grand Bazaar)自开业十年以来一直吸引着各方游客,这个坐落在一个新广场的建筑群重现了中亚古丝绸之路的商业繁华。但摊主们表示,在近期乌鲁木齐和新疆其他地方的暴力袭击事件加剧之后,来这里购买头巾、刀具和其他物品的游客人数大为减少。

35岁的小刀商贩马子定(Ma Ziding, 音)表示,最大的问题是生意不好了,许多人担心袭击事件,许多人受到了伤害。










不过,并非大巴扎上的每个人都确信最近的袭击案是导致游客大幅减少的主要原因。出售草药的回族人马林雨(音)说,原因在于中国和全球整体局面的失稳。她说,马来西亚航空(Malaysia Airlines) 370航班失踪、中国和越南等国家在南中国海(中国称南海)上冲突也是来华度假游客数量整体锐减的原因之一。



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