【英语财经】去年英国外来投资下滑19% Foreign investment in UK slips 19%

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2014-6-25 06:30

小艾摘要: The government has pledged to continue its drive for inward investment despite a dip in inflows to the UK recorded in annual data from the UN.Foreign direct investment into Britain fell 19 per cent la ...
Foreign investment in UK slips 19%
The government has pledged to continue its drive for inward investment despite a dip in inflows to the UK recorded in annual data from the UN.

Foreign direct investment into Britain fell 19 per cent last year to $37bn despite a 9 per cent rise in global flows to $1.45tn, according to the World Investment Report from the UN Conference on Trade and Development (Unctad).

However, the UK remained second only to the US for the cumulative stock of inward investment, up 8 per cent at $1.6tn.

The coalition has made much of Britain being “open for business”. George Osborne, the chancellor, has sought to attract investment through cuts in corporation tax, due to fall to 20 per cent by 2015, compared with 28 per cent in 2010, and measures such as the “patent box”, a lower tax rate on some intellectual property.

Last week, £14bn of trade and investment deals were signed between UK and Chinese companies as the Chinese premier Li Keqiang met David Cameron, prime minister, during a visit to the UK.

They included China Minsheng Investment Corporation, China’s largest private sector investment group, planning to open its European HQ in London with an investment of about £1.5bn, and China Merchants Securities opening its first London office, creating 40 jobs.

Unctad officials said the drop in inflows to the UK, which saw it slip from ninth to 11th place, was largely caused by UK affiliates of overseas companies lending money to their parents, possibly as part of tax optimisation schemes.

UK Trade and Investment, the trade promotion body, regards FDI stock as a better measure because it includes investments in the UK funded through the City of London capital markets. Multinational companies were reinvesting cash reserves held in the City, it said.

UKTI said: “The UK continues to attract high-quality investment from around the globe both from our established economic partners in Europe, North America and Japan but also from key growing markets such as India and China, creating and safeguarding thousands of UK jobs.

“Attracting foreign investment is an important part of the government’s long-term economic plan and UKTI will continue to work with companies to help sustain a globally attractive, highly competitive and truly international economy.”

Unctad forecasts a rise in global FDI flows to $1.85tn in 2016. “Whether the UK is connected to that is another question and maybe depends on political factors like the Scotland vote and any eventual EU referendum,” said Joseph Clements, an Unctad official.

A survey published this month by EY, the professional services firm, found the UK had extended its lead as Europe’s top destination in terms of the number of inward investment projects.

英国政府承诺继续努力吸引外来投资,尽管联合国发布的年度数据显示,英国吸引到的外来投资有所减少。

根据联合国贸易和发展会议(UNCTAD)发布的《世界投资报告》(World Investment Report),海外对英国的直接投资去年下降19%,至370亿美元,尽管全球的外国直接投资(FDI)增长9%,至1.45万亿美元。

不过,英国在外来投资累计存量上仍仅次于美国,去年增长8%,至1.6万亿美元。

英国联合政府在英国“对商业开放”这一点上颇为重视。财政大臣乔治?奥斯本(George Osborne)寻求通过削减公司税(2015年将降至20%,而2010年为28%),以及“专利盒”(某些知识产权适用较低税率)之类的措施,来吸引投资。

上周中国总理李克强访问英国并会晤英国首相戴维?卡梅伦(David Cameron)期间,两国企业之间签署了总额140亿英镑的贸易和投资协议。

这些协议包括,中国最大的民营投资集团——中国民生投资公司(China Minsheng Investment Corporation)计划在伦敦开设一家欧洲总部,准备投资大约15亿英镑,同时中国招商证券(China Merchants Securities)将开设首个伦敦办事处,创造40个就业岗位。

英国在外来投资排行榜上的名次从第9位滑落至第11位。联合国贸发会议官员表示,英国外来投资下降,主要是海外企业在英国的附属机构向母公司放贷所致,此类操作可能是税务优化计划的一部分。

贸易促进机构——英国贸易投资总署(UKTI)认为,外国直接投资存量是更好的衡量指标,因为它包括通过伦敦金融城的资本市场在英国的投资。该机构称,跨国公司将它们在伦敦金融城持有的现金储备进行再投资。

英国贸易投资总署表示:“英国继续从全球各地吸引高质素投资,既包括我们在欧洲、北美和日本的传统经贸伙伴,也包括印度和中国等关键的成长型市场,创造和维持成千上万的英国就业岗位。

“吸引外国投资是政府长期经济计划的重要组成部分,英国贸易投资总署将继续与企业合作,帮助维持一个具有全球吸引力和高度竞争力、真正国际化的经济。”

联合国贸发会议预测,全球外国直接投资到2016年将增长至1.85万亿美元。“英国是否与这一趋势相关联是另一个问题,也许取决于各种政治因素,如苏格兰独立公投以及最终可能举行的脱离欧盟公投,”贸发会议官员约瑟夫?克莱门茨(Joseph Clements)表示。

专业服务公司安永(EY)本月发表一份调查报告,发现就外来投资项目数量而言,英国已扩大其作为欧洲首选投资目的地的领先地位。

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