【英语财经】Gazprom“原则上”准备接受人民币付款 Gazprom looks to sidestep dollar

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2014-7-1 01:07

小艾摘要: Gazprom is considering issuing bonds in Asian currencies and is “ready in principle” to receive payment from China in renminbi, in the latest evidence of a shift away from the dollar by Russian comp ...
Gazprom looks to sidestep dollar
Gazprom is considering issuing bonds in Asian currencies and is “ready in principle” to receive payment from China in renminbi, in the latest evidence of a shift away from the dollar by Russian companies.

Andrei Kruglov, Gazprom’s chief financial officer, said the move would help the Russian state-controlled gas giant attract more Asian investors and “diversify its sources of funding”.

“We are looking at the possibility of raising debt capital on the Asian market through the issuance of bonds in offshore renminbi, CNH, and maybe in Singapore dollars,” he said yesterday.

Gazprom was also in discussions to list shares in Hong Kong, he said, and may do so this year. The company, whose main listing is in Moscow, last week listed its American Depository Receipts in Singapore.

The moves highlight how Russian companies are attempting to implement the Kremlin’s “pivot to Asia” as relations with Europe become strained.

Gazprom last month signed a $400bn gas supply deal with CNPC of China, the largest contract in its history, at the same time as European governments discussed ways to reduce their dependence on its gas.

Mr Kruglov declined to say whether Gazprom had agreed to settle the Chinese contract in a currency other than dollars.

“As for settlements in renminbi or roubles, we are ready for this and we think it’s quite normal,” he said. He said such a move would create no additional risks for the company apart from “maybe some small transaction costs”.

The company earlier told the Financial Times that a $25bn advance payment agreed as part of the deal would be made in dollars.

Russian companies have stepped up talks on settling contracts and raising debt in currencies other than dollars, bankers earlier told the FT, amid fears that western sanctions might freeze them out of the US dollar market.

Alexander Dyukov, chief executive of Gazprom’s oil division, has said that the company has discussed with its customers the possibility of shifting contracts to euros, while Norilsk Nickel told the FT that it was discussing denominating long-term contracts with Chinese consumers in renminbi.

US and European banks have dramatically slowed their lending activity in Russia since the annexation of Crimea in March. While there have been signs that the markets are reopening, Russian companies are returning to the market to borrow in euros rather than dollars.

Sberbank this week raised a ¢1bn bond, following a smaller issuance by Alfa-Bank. Gazprombank is also in talks to sell a euro-denominated bond.

俄罗斯天然气工业股份公司(Gazprom)正考虑发行以亚洲货币计价的债券,并“原则上准备好”接受中国客户的人民币付款,这是俄罗斯公司避开美元结算的最新证据。

这家俄罗斯国有控股的天然气巨头的首席财务官安德烈?克鲁格洛夫(Andrei Kruglov)表示,此举将帮助Gazprom吸引更多亚洲投资者,并“实现融资来源多元化”。

他在昨日表示:“我们正在研究通过发行以离岸人民币、或许还有新加坡元计价的债券,在亚洲市场筹集债务资本的可能性。”

克鲁格洛夫表示,Gazprom也在讨论去香港上市,可能今年就能落实。Gazprom的主要上市地在莫斯科,上周其美国存托凭证(ADR)在新加坡上市交易。

这些举措突显出,随着俄罗斯与欧洲关系紧张,俄罗斯企业正试图实施克里姆林宫的“转向亚洲”战略。

就在欧洲各国讨论设法降低对俄罗斯天然气依赖之际,Gazprom上月与中石油(CNPC)签署了一份价值4000亿美元的天然气供应协议,这是该公司有史以来最大的合同。

克鲁格洛夫拒绝透露Gazprom是否同意用美元以外的货币结算这份中国合同。

他说:“至于以人民币或卢布结算,我们都已准备就绪,我们认为这很正常。”他表示,此类举措不会为该公司增加额外风险,只是“或许有一些小额的交易成本”。

Gazprom早些时候向英国《金融时报》表示,这笔交易规定的250亿美元预付款将以美元支付。

银行家们早些时候告诉英国《金融时报》,由于担心西方制裁可能把它们踢出美元市场门外,俄罗斯公司加快了有关用美元以外货币结算合同和发债的谈判。

Gazprom石油部门首席执行官亚历山大?久科夫(Alexander Dyukov)表示,该公司已经与客户讨论用欧元结算合同的可能性,同时诺里尔斯克镍业公司(Norilsk Nickel)向英国《金融时报》表示,正与中国客户讨论用人民币订立长期合同。

自今年3月俄罗斯吞并克里米亚以来,美国和欧洲的银行大幅减缓了在俄罗斯的放贷活动。尽管有迹象表明这些市场正在重新打开大门,但俄罗斯公司重返市场时却以欧元而非美元借款。

俄罗斯联邦储蓄银行(Sberbank)本周发行了10亿欧元的债券,此前阿尔法银行(Alfa Bank)发行了较小规模的欧元债券。俄罗斯天然气工业银行股份公司(Gazprombank)也在就出售一只欧元债券举行谈判。

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