【英语中国】中国11月出口增长超预期

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所属分类:双语中国

2013-12-10 08:47

小艾摘要: China exported more than expected in November, helped by strong shipments to the US and EU, sug-gesting the domestic economy is facing lighter headwinds.The government said shipments rose 12.7 per cen ...
China exported more than expected in November, helped by strong shipments to the US and EU, sug-gesting the domestic economy is facing lighter headwinds.

The government said shipments rose 12.7 per cent from a year earlier, a much higher rate than the 7 per cent expected by analysts surveyed by Bloomberg and Reuters.

Just one day after trade ministers agreed the first global trade deal in a generation, the General Administration of Customs said the cumulative trade balance for the first 11 months of the year had increased to $234bn.

“There are signs that the global activity and trade cycle is gaining momentum, driven by the recovery in high income countries and China’s exporters are -benefiting from that,” Louis Kuijs, an economist with RBS, wrote in a research note.

ANZ bank said strong export figures resulted from greater demand from developed economies. Shipments to the US rose 18 per cent, a jump from October’s 8 per cent rise, while exports to the EU grew 18 per cent, compared with 13 per cent in the previous month.

The rise in Chinese exports comes days after the US revised sharply upwards its own gross domestic product figures for the third quarter, saying the economy grew an annualised 3.6 per cent.

Chinese imports in November were up 5.3 per cent, which Mr Kuijs -suggested “solid expansion of China’s domestic demand”.

China imported 23.6m tonnes of crude and 2.8m tonnes of refined products in the month, with oil imports this year up 3 per cent as Chinese distributors benefited from lower international crude prices.

Unwrought copper imports rebounded from an October dip to 435,613 tonnes, with copper scrap accounting for another 430,000 tonnes.

Manufacturers will begin a lull in factory operations in mid-January ahead of the lunar new year.

Separately, on Saturday Chinese state media said regulators would step up efforts to make sure that companies were using -foreign currency obtained for trade deals to make genuine transactions.

Xinhua, the state news agency, said the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, the foreign exchange regulator, would “intensify supervision on commercial banks’ trade finance businesses to curb fake financing activities and prevent abnormal cross-border forex movement”.

China has faced criticism over the past year as export figures from its customs authorities appeared at odds with the numbers recorded by places such as Hong Kong through which many Chinese goods are re-exported.

Critics have suggested that companies were -disguising capital inflows as trade invoices to help them evade China’s capital -controls.

Exporters also came under more scrutiny over suggestions that they were faking orders to gain tax rebates.

在对美国和欧盟(EU)的强劲出口带动下,中国11月份出口超出预期,似乎表明中国经济面临的阻力有所缓解。

中国政府表示,出口同比增长12.7%,这大大高于彭博(Bloomberg)和路透社(Reuters)开展的调查中分析人士给出的7%的增幅预期。

就在各国贸易部长达成一代人以来首项全球贸易协定的次日,中国海关总署(General Administration of Customs)表示,中国今年头11个月累计贸易顺差增至2340亿美元。

苏格兰皇家银行(RBS)经济学家高路易(Louis Kuijs)在一份研究报告中写道:“有迹象表明,在高收入国家复苏的带动下,全球经济活动和贸易循环的增长势头正在加强,中国出口企业正从中受益。”

澳新银行(ANZ)表示,中国强劲的出口数据来自于发达经济体的需求增长。中国对美出口同比增长了18%,而10月份增长了8%。对欧盟出口也增长了18%,相比之下10月份增幅为13%。

就在中国出口增长的数据出台几天前,美国大幅上调了其第三季度国内生产总值(GDP)数据,表示年化增长率达到3.6%。

中国11月份进口增长了5.3%,高路易表示这似乎表明“中国国内需求的稳步增长”。

11月份中国进口原油2360万吨,成品油280万吨。由于中国经销商得益于较低的国际原油价格,中国今年的石油进口增长了3%。

未锻造铜进口量从10月份的下降状态反弹至11月份的43.5613万吨,而废铜进口量也达到43万吨。

在春节前的1月中旬,中国制造商的生产活动将进入低潮。

此外,中国国家媒体周六表示,监管机构将加大力度,确保企业用从贸易中获得的外汇开展真正的交易。

官方的新华社(Xinhua)表示,中国外汇监管机构国家外汇管理局(SAFE)将“加强对贸易融资、特别是远期贸易融资的真实性、合规性审查……以遏制无真实交易背景的虚假贸易融资行为,防范异常外汇资金跨境流动”。

过去一年里,中国海关发布的出口数据似乎与香港(许多中国产品经香港转口)等地的数据矛盾,这令中国受到批评。

批评人士提出,一些企业用贸易发票掩盖资本流入,以逃避中国的资本管制。

另外,有关出口商伪造订单以获得出口退税的说法,也令出口商受到更多审查。

译者/何黎

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