【英语中国】中国向三大电信运营商发放4G牌照

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2013-12-6 09:07

小艾摘要: China has opened up its mobile broadband market after granting 4G licences to its three main telecoms companies, raising Apple’s hopes of signing a distribution deal with China Mobile, the world’s b ...
China has opened up its mobile broadband market after granting 4G licences to its three main telecoms companies, raising Apple’s hopes of signing a distribution deal with China Mobile, the world’s biggest mobile operator by subscribers.

China’s mobile carriers have already embarked on an aggressive expansion of 4G networks under trial licences, prompted by a government that has identified the rapid adoption of superfast internet technology as crucial to economic and social development.

But the official sign off for 4G in the world’s largest telecoms market will mean a windfall for global technology groups such as Apple, which will finally be able to offer its latest iPhones on China Mobile’s networks.

China Mobile has long operated a 3G standard that was not compatible with the iPhone. As a result, China Mobile never signed a formal distribution agreement with Apple. The latest iPhone 5 and 5c models, however, are compatible with the new network.

The official licences, issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology yesterday, are for a homegrown standard for rapid mobile internet connections called TD-LTE, rather than its more popular international rival, FDD-LTE.

Licenses will also be granted to China Mobile’s rivals, China Unicom and China Telecom.

The ministry did not specify how much the three state-controlled groups would have to pay for the licences, if anything, which is in stark contrast to the vast sums paid for mobile spectrum by western groups.

The growing market for 4G services will also boost telecoms equipment makers such as NSN, Ericsson and Alcatel-Lucent alongside domestic providers such as Huawei, which have been asked to build and to support one of the world’s most rapid rollouts of mobile internet networks.

Additional reporting by Wan Li

中国向三大主要电信运营商发放了4G牌照,从而开辟了移动宽带市场,这提高了苹果(Apple)与全球用户最多的移动通信运营商——中国移动(China Mobile)签署经销协议的可能性。

中国政府认识到,超高速互联网技术的快速普及对于经济和社会发展至关重要。在政府推动下,中国的移动运营商已经按照试运行牌照启动了4G网络的快速建设。

然而,对于苹果这类全球科技集团来说,中国官方正式拍板开通4G业务,不啻为一笔意外之财。苹果终于能够为中国移动的网络供应最新款的iPhone手机了。

长期以来,中国移动实行的3G标准始终无法与iPhone兼容。其结果是,中国移动从未与苹果公司签署正式经销协议。然而,苹果最新发布的iPhone 5和iPhone 5c手机与新的网络兼容。

中国工信部(Ministry of Industry and Information Technology)昨天发放的官方牌照将采用名为TD-LTE的中国本土的高速移动互联网互连标准,而不是其竞争对手、在国际上更流行的FDD-LTE标准。

中国移动的竞争对手中国联通(China Unicom)和中国电信(China Telecom)也将获得4G牌照。

工信部并未指明这三大国有集团要为4G牌照支付多少费用——如果要支付任何费用的话,这与西方集团为移动频谱支付的巨额费用形成了鲜明对比。

4G服务市场的增长也将提振诺基亚西门子通信公司(NSN)、爱立信(Ericsson)和阿尔卡特-朗讯(Alcatel-Lucent)这类电信设备制造商以及华为(Huawei)等国内提供商。这些企业承接了为世界上施工进度最快的移动互联网络建设项目之一的建设和支持业务。

Wan Li补充报道

译者/简易

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