【英语中国】中国商人计划建设克里米亚深水港

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2013-12-7 09:15

小艾摘要: The mysterious Chinese telecoms entrepreneur behind a long-shot proposal to build a canal across Nicaragua has waded into Ukraine’s political crisis, unveiling a $10bn project to build a deepwater po ...
The mysterious Chinese telecoms entrepreneur behind a long-shot proposal to build a canal across Nicaragua has waded into Ukraine’s political crisis, unveiling a $10bn project to build a deepwater port on the Crimean Peninsula.

Wang Jing announced his latest project during the visit to China of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovich, who left a capital besieged by protesters to solicit desperately needed loans and infrastructure investment from Beijing.

The $3bn first phase would involve the construction of a deepwater port and reconstruct the sea port of Sevastopol, according to materials provided by Beijing Interoceanic Canal Investment Management Co, Mr Wang’s company. A second, $7bn phase would include an airport, LNG terminal and shipyard. Sevastopol is home to both the Russian and Ukrainian Black Sea fleets.

“We know China has a lot of big state-owned enterprises, including construction SOEs, but we don’t simply want a construction partner, we want a strategic partner,” Aleksey Mazyuk, head of the partner in the project, Kievgidroinvest, told reporters in Russian.

Following Mr Yanukovich’s visit, China released a statement saying the governments “agreed to promote co-operation in big projects” but Beijing did not explicitly commit to the state-to-state loans Ukraine was seeking. It could be years – if ever – before the privately backed Crimean project materialises.

Mr Wang controls Xinwei Telecom, which has a number of contracts to build networks overseas, including in Nicaragua and Ukraine.

Xinwei also holds the license to China’s 3G mobile standard, developed with state funding and intended to be the crown jewel of China’s homegrown technology. Mr Wang, who says he majored in Chinese medicine but will not reveal at which university, gradually took control of Xinwei in recent years.

Both the canal and the deepwater port proposals are priority projects for their host governments but have failed to find commercial backers in the past.

Mr Wang said financing for the project would be “smooth” but did not provide further details. He said the Nicaraguan project is preceding “very smoothly” and raised its cost estimate to $50bn from $40bn previously, because of the choice of route which he declined to identify.

在乌克兰正陷入政治危机之际,雄心勃勃的尼加拉瓜运河建设计划背后的那位神秘的中国电信企业家宣布,要斥资100亿美元在克里米亚半岛建设一座深水港。

在乌克兰总统维克托?亚努科维奇(Viktor Yanukovich)最近访华期间,中国商人王靖宣布了他的这项最新计划。乌克兰首都眼下正被抗议者围困,亚努科维奇急需从中国政府这里争取到贷款和基建投资。

王靖(见图)旗下的北京大洋新河投资管理有限公司(Beijing Interoceanic Canal Investment Management Co)提供的材料显示,第一阶段的30亿美元投资将涉及建设一座深水港、以及重建塞瓦斯托波尔(Sevastopol)海港。第二阶段的70亿美元投资将包括建设机场、液化天然气(LNG)码头和船坞。塞瓦斯托波尔是俄罗斯和乌克兰黑海舰队的停靠地。

项目合作方基辅水利投资有限责任公司(Kievgidroinvest)总裁阿列克谢?马久克(Aleksey Mazyuk)告诉在俄罗斯的记者:“我们知道中国有很多大型国企,包括建筑业的国企,但我们想要的不只是一个建设方面的合作伙伴,我们想要的是一个战略合作伙伴。”

亚努科维奇访华后,中方发表声明称,两国政府同意“稳步推进大项目合作”,但中国政府并未明确承诺向乌克兰提供后者寻求的国家间贷款。克里米亚项目由私人出资,该项目即便能够实现,可能也将需要多年时间。

王靖是信威通信(Xinwei Telecom)的控股股东。该公司在海外有多个网络建设合同,其中包括在尼加拉瓜和乌克兰。

信威还拥有中国3G移动通信标准(由国家拨款开发、意在成为中国自主研发技术中的明星技术)的牌照。王靖说自己上大学时学的是中医,但不愿透露读的是哪一所大学。他在近几年逐渐取得了信威的控股权。

对项目所在国政府而言,尼加拉瓜运河及克里米亚深水港计划都是重点发展的项目。但这两个项目过去一直未能找到资金提供者。

王靖说,项目融资将会“很顺利”,但并未谈及具体细节。他说尼加拉瓜项目眼下进展“非常顺利”,并将工程预计造价从原先的400亿美元提高到了500亿美元,原因是运河路线选择有变,但他拒绝透露现在选择的是怎样的路线。

译者/何黎

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