【英语中国】IEA:去年美国石油需求增长超过中国 US oil?demand?outstrips China

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2014-1-23 08:35

小艾摘要: US demand for oil grew by more than China’s last year for the first time since 1999, according to the International Energy Agency, giving the strongest indication of how abundant energy supplies are ...
US oil?demand?outstrips China
US demand for oil grew by more than China’s last year for the first time since 1999, according to the International Energy Agency, giving the strongest indication of how abundant energy supplies are driving an economic resurgence in the US.

The IEA – whose forecasts are the benchmark for the energy sector – said US oil demand grew by 390,000 barrels a day last year, or 2 per cent, reversing years of steady decline. Chinese demand grew by 295,000 b/d, the weakest in at least six years.

Oil demand figures are closely followed as indicators of economic growth, because use of fuels such as petrol and diesel indicate the strength of industrial and consumer activity.

As China’s economy has boomed over the past decade, its oil demand has surged, while US consumption has been falling steadily since 2005.

But, with new drilling techniques helping to unlock US shale oil and gas reserves, the country’s consumption of oil fuels is rising sharply again.

“It is clear that the US economy is rebounding very strongly thanks to its energy supplies,” said Antoine Halff, head of oil market research at the IEA. “Sometimes, oil is a lagging indicator, but sometimes it is the opposite and shows that an economy is growing faster than thought,” he added.

The IEA said US demand has been driven by fuels such as propane, which is used in petrochemical plants – demonstrating a pick-up in industrial activity in the US.

European oil demand is also showing signs of growth for the first time since the financial crisis and the IEA said that industrialised economies as a whole are likely to see oil demand rise for the first time since 2010.

As a result, oil inventories in OECD countries fell by 50m barrels in November – the most since December 2011 – pushing stocks 100m barrels beneath their five-year average.

据国际能源署(International Energy Agency, IEA)统计,2013年美国石油需求增长自1999年来首次超过中国。这是表明充足能源供应正在驱动美国经济复苏的最强大信号。

IEA的预测是能源行业的参考基准。该机构表示,2013年美国的石油需求每天增加了39万桶,增幅为2%,逆转了连续几年的下滑态势。中国的石油需求则每天增加了29.5万桶,这至少是六年来的最低增幅。

石油需求数据被当作与经济增长紧密联系的指标,因为汽油和柴油等能源的使用反映出工业和消费活动的强劲程度。

随着中国经济在过去10年快速发展,其石油需求也急剧上升,而美国的石油消费量自2005年以来不断降低。

但随着新的钻井技术帮助美国开采页岩油气储量,美国的石油消费量再次猛增。

“显然,得益于能源供应,美国经济正迎来十分强劲的反弹。”IEA石油市场研究主管安东尼?哈尔夫(Antoine Halff)说。他补充道:“有时,石油是一个滞后的指标,但有时则相反,表明经济增速快于预期。”

IEA表示,驱动美国需求的包括丙烷等燃料。丙烷被用于石化厂,表明美国工业活动复苏。

欧洲石油需求也从金融危机爆发以来首次出现增长迹象。IEA说,工业化经济体的整体石油需求可能出现2010年来首次上升。

其结果是,2013年11月,经合组织(OECD)国家的石油库存减少了5000万痛,这是2011年12月以来的最大降幅,使石油存量比这些国家的五年均值少了1亿桶。

译者/沈希

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