【英语中国】中国盈创24小时内建成10栋别墅 How a Chinese Company Built 10 Homes in 24 Hours

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2014-4-16 14:09

小艾摘要: Chinese companies have been known to build major real-estate projects very quickly. Now, one company is taking it to a new extreme. Suzhou-based construction-materials firm Winsun New Materials says i ...
How a Chinese Company Built 10 Homes in 24 Hours
Chinese companies have been known to build major real-estate projects very quickly. Now, one company is taking it to a new extreme.

Suzhou-based construction-materials firm Winsun New Materials says it has built 10 200-square-meter homes using a gigantic 3-D printer that it spent 20 million yuan ($3.2 million) and 12 years developing.

Such 3-D printers have been around for several years and are commonly used to make models, prototypes, plane parts and even such small items as jewelry. The printing involves an additive process, where successive layers of material are stacked on top of one another to create a finished product.

Winsun's 3-D printer is 6.6 meters (22 feet) tall, 10 meters wide and 150 meters long, the firm said, and the 'ink' it uses is created from a combination of cement and glass fibers. In a nod to China's green agenda, Winsun said in the future it plans to use scrap material left over from construction and mining sites to make its 3-D buildings.

Winsun says it estimates the cost of printing these homes is about half that of building them the traditional way. And although the technology seems efficient, it's unlikely to be widely used to build homes any time soon because of regulatory hurdles, Mr. Chen said.

The Chinese firm isn't the first to experiment with printing homes. Architects in Amsterdam are building a house with 13 rooms, with plans to print even the furniture. The Dutch architect in charge of the project said on the project's website it would probably take less than three years to complete.

Winsun New Materialsdiv>
中国公司一向以快速建设大型房地产项目而著称。日前,一家公司把建房速度推向了新的极致。

总部设在苏州的建筑新材料公司盈创(Winsun New Materials)表示,该公司使用一台巨大的3D打印机,在一天内建造了10栋200平方米的别墅毛坯。该打印机是盈创花费人民币2,000万元(合320万美元)历经12年时间研制而成的。

这类3D打印机已经问世好几年,通常用于制造模型、产品原型、飞机部件以及珠宝等小型物品。打印涉及一种增材叠加过程,即从底部开始连续逐层往上叠加、产生成品。

盈创表示,该公司的3D打印机高6.6米(合22英尺),宽10米,长150米,使用的“油墨”以水泥与玻璃纤维混合而成。盈创称,为响应国家环保政策,该公司今后计划使用工地和尾矿的建筑垃圾来建造3D建筑。

盈创表示,据该公司测算,3D打印房子的成本大约是传统建筑方式的一半左右。不过,这项技术虽然看来效率很高,但由于存在监管障碍,不太可能很快广泛用于建造房屋。

盈创并非第一家试验打印房屋的公司。阿姆斯特丹的建筑师正在建造一个有13个房间的建筑,甚至还计划打印家具。负责该项目的荷兰建筑师该项目网站上表示,该建筑可能要用不到三年时间建成。

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