【英语中国】亚行支持中国基础设施基金计划 Japanese ADB chief backs China plan for rival bank

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2014-5-30 06:45

小艾摘要: The president of the Japan-dominated Asian Development Bank has welcomed a proposal by China to set up a rival $50bn infrastructure fund, but warned that the new institution should not disregard envir ...
Japanese ADB chief backs China plan for rival bank
The president of the Japan-dominated Asian Development Bank has welcomed a proposal by China to set up a rival $50bn infrastructure fund, but warned that the new institution should not disregard environmental and other safeguards.

At the ADB’s annual meeting, in Astana, Kazakhstan, this month, Beijing began to flesh out plans for an Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank to promote closer regional ties.

Beijing said the new bank, which is strongly backed by Xi Jinping, China’s president, would be less bureaucratic than the ADB and more focused on physical infrastructure than on poverty reduction. In Astana, China discussed its plans with 15 Asian countries but did not talk to either Japan or the US, the ADB’s two leading shareholders, nor India.

Some observers see Beijing’s proposal for an infrastructure fund as an attempt to outflank Tokyo in the field of regional institutions by challenging the ADB’s hegemony.

Takehiko Nakao, the latest in a long line of Japanese ADB presidents, said there was room for a new institution given the region’s huge infrastructure shortfall. “It is understandable to think this way because of the very large financing needs for Asian countries and the wish of China to play a larger role in the region,” he said.

But Mr Nakao highlighted what he called the ADB’s “constructive role” in building safeguards into its projects, for example by including rules governing the resettlement of people. “The new international bank should also respect these standards,” he said. China has sometimes been criticised for ignoring safeguards in the name of non-interference in the affairs of other countries.

Mr Nakao said he was open to the idea of Beijing playing a bigger role in the ADB, which was founded in 1966 when China was poor and isolated.

“I don’t want to say Japan’s dominance of the ADB will continue forever,” he said. “China is a growing country and its contribution in terms of capital is still limited.”

传统上由日本主导的亚洲开发银行(ADB)的行长对中国提议建立一家500亿美元的对手基础设施基金表示欢迎,但警告称,新机构不应忽视环保和其他保障机制。

在本月于哈萨克斯坦阿斯坦纳举行的亚行年会上,中国政府开始阐述成立亚洲基础设施投资银行(Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank)、促进更紧密区域联系的具体计划。

中国政府表示,中国国家主席习近平大力支持的这家新银行,将没有亚行那么官僚,并将更加关注实体基础设施、而不是降低贫困。在阿斯坦纳,中国与15个亚洲国家讨论了自己的计划,但没有与亚行的两大股东日本和美国商讨,也没有与印度接触。

在一些观察人士看来,中国政府成立一家基础设施基金的提议,是通过挑战亚行的支配地位、在区域机构方面胜过日本的一种尝试。

亚行行长长期由日本人出任。现任行长中尾武彦(Takehiko Nakao)表示,亚洲地区在基础设施方面存在巨大缺口,为成立一家新的基础设施基金提供了空间。他表示:“这样想是可以理解的,因为亚洲国家存在巨大融资需求,而中国希望在亚洲发挥更大作用。”

但中尾武彦强调了亚行在项目中融入保障机制的“建设性作用”,例如附带有关安置施工区居民的规定。他表示:“新的国际银行也应尊重这些标准。”外界有时批评中国以不干涉别国事务为名忽略了保障措施。

中尾武彦表示,他愿意让中国在亚行发挥更大作用。亚行成立于1966年,当时的中国贫穷而封闭。

“我不想说日本对亚行的主导会永远持续下去。”他表示:“中国是一个成长型国家,出资份额仍然有限。”

译者/阑天

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