【英语中国】中国驱逐澳籍艺术家 China deports artist Guo Jian in Tiananmen crackdown

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所属分类:双语中国

2014-6-17 08:00

小艾摘要: Beijing deported a prominent Chinese-Australian artist on Monday, capping one of China’s most severe crackdowns on dissent in recent years.Guo Jian, 52, was detained on June 1 for an alleged visa vio ...
China deports artist Guo Jian in Tiananmen crackdown
Beijing deported a prominent Chinese-Australian artist on Monday, capping one of China’s most severe crackdowns on dissent in recent years.

Guo Jian, 52, was detained on June 1 for an alleged visa violation, according to China’s foreign affairs ministry. But friends of Mr Guo and human rights activists suspect the real reason for his deportation were his comments about the June 4 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, which had been published a day earlier in the Financial Times along with pictures of his provocative artwork.

In one piece, Mr Guo covered a billiard table-sized diorama of Tiananmen Square with 160kg of minced pork, in an installation that evoked memories of the June 4 massacre in which hundreds if not thousands of people died.

Mr Guo’s deportation came just three days after Pu Zhiqiang, one of China’s most prominent human rights lawyers, was formally charged with “causing a disturbance” and illegally obtaining personal data. If convicted, Mr Pu could be sentenced to more than a decade in prison.

While Chinese authorities harass dissidents every year ahead of the Tiananmen anniversary, their actions this year were larger in scale with dozens of activists taken into formal custody.

“This year’s June 4 crackdown was different compared with previous years,” said Maya Wang at Human Rights Watch in Hong Kong. “Usually it just involves putting people under house arrest for a few weeks. This [year’s crackdown] is a lot more serious in terms of the consequences for a lot of people.”

Mr Guo, a former People’s Liberation Army soldier and art student, participated in the 1989 protests and witnessed the massacre. He later emigrated to Australia, where he was granted citizenship before returning to Beijing in 2005, in part to be closer to his elderly parents. Before this year, his visa had been routinely renewed without any problems.

Mr Guo was not allowed to see his sister and friends, who waited hours for him at Beijing Capital International Airport on Monday afternoon. The artist was taken directly by authorities to his Air China flight to Sydney and spoke briefly by phone to his sister, friends and journalists before taking off, telling them that he was OK.

“He has been pretty optimistic and joked about his situation,” said one friend, Yang Xiaofang, who also briefly saw Mr Guo on June 6 when police escorted him back to his studio in Beijing’s eastern outskirts to collect some belongings. “But it may be a long time before he can come back.”

Mr Guo’s father is battling cancer in Shanghai. “We’ve just been thinking primarily of Jian’s well-being and the fact he’s leaving his father who’s not well,” said Suzanne Hempel at Melbourne’s Arc One Gallery, which represents the artist. “It’s very sad.”

北京周一驱逐了一位知名的澳大利亚华裔艺术家,中国近年对异见人士最严厉的打压行动之一就此画上句号。

中国外交部称,52岁的郭健在6月1日因涉嫌违反签证规定而被拘留。但郭健的友人以及人权活动人士怀疑,他遭到驱逐的真正原因是他发表了有关1989年6月4日天安门事件的言论。5月31日,英国《金融时报》发表了他的言论,还配上了他的带有叫板意味的作品的照片。

在一件装置作品中,郭健用160公斤的猪肉末堆出一个台球桌大小的天安门广场模型,让人联想起在1989年6月4日的武力清场行动中有数百甚至数千人丧生的情景。

郭健被驱逐的3天前,中国最知名的人权律师之一浦志强因涉嫌“寻衅滋事”和“非法获取公民个人信息”而被正式批捕。如果罪名成立,浦志强可能被判处十年以上监禁。

虽然中国当局每年都在天安门事件纪念日之前打压异见人士,但今年的行动规模更大,数十名活动人士遭到正式拘留。

“今年六四的打压与往年不同,”人权观察(Human Rights Watch)研究员阿莲(Maya Wang)在香港表示。“通常只是把相关人士软禁几周。今年的打击给很多人带来严重得多的后果。”

曾是解放军军人和艺术系学生的郭健,参与了1989年抗议事件,亲眼目睹了清场行动。后来,他移居到澳大利亚,并在入籍后于2005年回到北京,部分是为了与年迈的父母住得近一些。在今年之前,他的签证定期更新,没有遇到任何问题。

郭健没有获准见他的妹妹和朋友,这些人周一在首都国际机场等了他一下午。这位艺术家被当局直接带到中国国航(Air China)飞往悉尼的航班,并通过电话与他的妹妹、朋友和记者简短说了几句,告诉他们他还好。

“他一直很乐观,还拿自己的处境开玩笑,”郭健的朋友杨晓芳(音)表示,她曾在6月6日短暂看到郭健在警察陪同下回到北京东郊的工作室收拾一些个人物品。“但是,他可能要很久以后才可以回来。”

郭健的父亲正在上海与癌症搏斗。“我们主要在考虑郭健的福祉和他要离开病中的父亲这个事实,”代表这名艺术家的墨尔本Arc One艺术馆的苏珊?亨普尔(Suzanne Hempel)表示。“这一切非常令人悲伤。”

译者/何黎

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