【英语中国】陈方安生批评英国忽略香港民主 UK accused of failing on Hong Kong democracy

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2014-6-23 07:02

小艾摘要: Anson Chan, the number two official in Hong Kong when the UK handed the colony back to China in 1997, has criticised David Cameron for failing to stand up for democracy in the -territory.Mrs Chan said ...
UK accused of failing on Hong Kong democracy
Anson Chan, the number two official in Hong Kong when the UK handed the colony back to China in 1997, has criticised David Cameron for failing to stand up for democracy in the -territory.

Mrs Chan said the British prime minister had neglected to voice support for Hong Kong when he met Li Keqiang, the Chinese -premier, last week.

Their meeting took place amid a fierce debate in Hong Kong over relations with China following Beijing’s recent publication of a controversial white paper suggesting that there were limits to the territory’s democracy.

The paper warned that the autonomy Hong Kong was granted under the 1984 Sino-UK Joint Declaration that led to the handover was “not an inherent power” but rather one that flowed from China’s central leadership.

“It is a very sad day for Hong Kong in the wake of the white paper when all three parties – China, Great Britain and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region government – who have a crucial role to play in the faithful implementation of the Joint Declaration .?.?. decide to walk away from their commitments to the people of Hong Kong and the rest of the world,” Mrs Chan said in an -interview.

The white paper, which sparked concern about judicial independence in Hong Kong, came before an unofficial referendum that backers hope will put pressure on the regional government to ensure the planned introduction of universal suffrage gives voters a true choice in future elections for Hong Kong’s top political job, the chief executive.

Mrs Chan said Britain was caving in to pressure from China because of concern for the impact on trade relations.

“If you roll over and pull your punches, it just encourages Beijing to be even more demanding the next time round,” she said.

Mr Cameron made no mention of the white paper in his joint statement with the Chinese premier. A spokesperson for the UK’s Foreign Office said that the prime minister had told Mr Li that the best way to ensure prosperity in Hong Kong was “through a transition to universal suffrage which meets the aspirations of the people of Hong Kong”.

Hong Kong is drafting proposals to introduce universal suffrage for the 2017 poll for chief executive. Critics say Beijing will allow only those candidates it has vetted.

A group called Occupy Central that wants voters to play a role in nominating chief executive candidates launched a 10-day-long referendum on Friday that it hopes will show the -growing concern at the path the Hong Kong government has taken under C?Y Leung, the pro-Beijing chief executive.

By the early hours of Monday, more than 700,000 votes had been cast online and at polling stations.

Occupy Central is threatening to block an important business district if the Hong Kong government does not come up with a proposal that givers voters a genuine choice.

Mrs Chan also criticised HSBC and Standard Chartered following claims that they stopped advertising in the anti-China Apple Daily newspaper under pressure from Beijing.

“Why is it that international conglomerates like HSBC and Standard Chartered should give in to pressure from the [Chinese] liaison office to lift their advertisements from Apple Daily?” said Mrs Chan, who wrote to the banks seeking explanations.

“You would think that an international bank like HSBC, with its corporate presence all over the world and its influence – that they can withstand this sort of pressure.

“It must matter to them that we continue to enjoy an unfettered press and free flow of information.”

HSBC and Standard Chartered both denied the claims, saying their advertising decisions were purely commercial. Neither bank would give details on how long they had advertised with Apple Daily.

Mrs Chan said Anita Fung, HSBC’s Hong Kong chief executive officer, had not replied to a request to guarantee that the bank would not undermine the rights and freedoms enshrined in the “one -country, two systems” -principle that guides the territory’s relationship with China.

Asked to explain why Ms Fung had not responded, HSBC said: “We seek to abide by the rules and regulations of the jurisdictions in which we operate.”

陈方安生(Anson Chan)批评英国首相戴维?卡梅伦(David Cameron)未能站出来支持香港的民主。1997年英国将香港主权交还中国时,陈方安生是当地职位第二高的官员。

陈方安生表示,英国首相上周会晤中国总理李克强时,忽略了表态支持香港。

卡梅伦会晤李克强之际,香港正就其与中国内地的关系展开激烈辩论。北京方面最近发布一份有争议的白皮书,称香港特别行政区的民主是有限度的。

《“一国两制”在香港特别行政区的实践》白皮书警告,香港的“高度自治权不是固有的”,其唯一来源是中央授权。1984年签署的中英联合声明确认香港回归中国并享有自治权。

“这份白皮书的发表对香港是非常令人伤心的,在忠实执行《联合声明》方面应当起到至关重要作用的所有三方——中国、英国和香港特别行政区政府——都决定放弃自己对香港人民和世界其他国家的承诺,”陈方安生在接受采访时说。

这份白皮书引发人们对香港司法独立的担忧,其发表的时机适逢一场非官方的公投举行前夕。支持者希望,公投将给特区政府带来压力,以确保规划实施的普选能够赋予选民真正的选择权,在未来的选举中选出香港最高政治职位——特区行政长官。

陈方安生表示,英国出于对经贸关系的关切而屈服于中国的压力。

“如果你转身回避,收回拳头,那只会鼓励北京下一次提出更苛刻条件,”她表示。

卡梅伦在与李克强发表的联合声明中没有提到上述白皮书。英国外交部的一名发言人表示,卡梅伦曾对李克强表示,确保香港繁荣的最佳途径是“向普选过渡,满足香港人民的诉求”。

香港正草拟相关提议,以便在2017年选举行政长官时引入普选制度。批评人士说,北京将只允许那些得到其审核通过的候选人参选。

一个叫做“占领中环”(Occupy Central,简称“占中”)的团体希望选民们能够在提名行政长官候选人环节中发挥作用。该团体上周五发起一场为期10天的公投,希望展示民众对亲北京的香港特首梁振英(C?Y Leung)领导的政府所走的道路越来越担忧。

截至周一凌晨,已有70多万人在网上和投票站投票。

“占中”运动威胁,如果香港政府拿不出赋予选民真正选择权的提议,就将封锁一个重要的商业区。

陈方安生也对汇丰(HSBC)和渣打(Standard Chartered)提出批评。这两家银行据称在北京的压力之下,停止在反对中央政府的《苹果日报》上投放广告。

“像汇丰和渣打这样的国际企业集团,为什么要屈从于中联办的压力,撤下它们在《苹果日报》的广告?”陈方安生表示。她已致函这两家银行寻求解释。

“你会认为,像汇丰这样的国际银行,以其遍布世界各地的业务和影响力——它们理应能够承受这样的压力。

“有一点对它们肯定是重要的,那就是我们继续享受无拘无束的新闻,享受资讯的自由流通。”

汇丰和渣打都否认这种说法,称他们的广告决定纯粹是商业性的。两家银行都不愿透露此前它们在《苹果日报》投放了多久的广告。

陈方安生表示,汇丰香港区行政总裁冯婉眉(Anita Fung)尚未答复一个请求,即保证该行不会破坏指导香港与内地关系的“一国两制”原则所赋予香港的权利和自由。

在被要求解释冯婉眉为何未作回应时,汇丰表示:“我们寻求遵守本行经营所在司法管辖区的规则和法规。”

译者/何黎

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