【英语中国】日韩推动与俄罗斯经贸合作遏制中国 Japan and South Korea push companies to check China’s economic influence in Russia

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2014-7-15 06:38

小艾摘要: Japan and South Korea are pushing their companies to team up in Russia to stem China’s growing economic power there, in an unexpected consequence of Moscow’s stand-off with the west.The embassies of ...
Japan and South Korea push companies to check China’s economic influence in Russia
Japan and South Korea are pushing their companies to team up in Russia to stem China’s growing economic power there, in an unexpected consequence of Moscow’s stand-off with the west.

The embassies of Japan and Korea have in recent weeks hosted companies from both countries with investments in Russia for discussions and plan further meetings this year, according to diplomats and company executives.

“Japanese and Korean companies in Russia should consider each other as partners now that China is getting stronger and stronger,” said a Japanese diplomat.

“Russia’s decision to seek a much closer partnership with China can only create pressure on our economic interests. Our companies can counter this.”

The initiative follows Moscow’s move to crank up trade, financial and investment relations with China as economic ties with Europe, its main source of foreign investment, suffer from the stand-off over Ukraine.

Since the US and the EU slapped sanctions on Russian government officials and businessmen, President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly singled out China as an important economic partner.

His signing of a $400bn gas export deal in May, which Russian state group Gazprom had previously failed to close with its Chinese partner for more than a decade, is seen as a signal of a new willingness in Moscow to make concessions to receive access to the Chinese market and Chinese funds.

Last week, Russian and Chinese companies and regions signed contracts valued at $3.15bn at a bilateral trade fair, with most of the funds earmarked for trade with Russia’s far east, the region between Lake Baikal and the Pacific Ocean.

This has caused alarm in Tokyo and Seoul. This year, Park Byung-hwan, a Korean diplomat in Moscow, warned that China was gaining a “huge impact on the region” and called Chinese companies’ growing presence there a threat.

Additional reporting by Simon Mundy in Seoul and Ben McLannahan in Tokyo

日本和韩国正推动各自在俄罗斯的公司展开合作,以遏止中国在俄日益壮大的经济实力,后者是俄罗斯政府与西方对峙的一个意外后果。

据外交官和企业高管透露,近几周,日韩两国大使馆作东,让在俄有投资的两国公司进行洽谈,并计划今年内举行更多此类会议。

一位日本外交官说:“既然中国变得越来越强,日韩在俄企业应当相互把对方视作合作伙伴。”

“俄罗斯寻求与中国建立更密切的伙伴关系,这一决定只会对我们的经济利益造成压力。我们两国的企业可以反制这一局面。”

日韩两国采取这一举措之前,随着俄罗斯与欧洲(俄罗斯主要外资来源)的经济关系受到乌克兰问题上对峙的影响,俄罗斯政府加大了与中国的贸易、金融和投资关系。

自美国和欧盟(EU)对俄罗斯政府官员和商人实施制裁以来,俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔?普京(Vladimir Putin)多次打出“中国牌”,将中国定位成重要的经济合作伙伴。

普京在5月份签订的4000亿美元的天然气出口协议被视作一个信号——俄罗斯政府愿意作出让步,以换取中国市场准入和吸引中国资金。在此前的十几年里,国有的俄罗斯天然气工业股份公司(Gazprom)一直未能与中国合作伙伴达成协议。

上周,俄罗斯和中国的企业及地区在双边商品交易会上,签订了价值31.5亿美元的合同,大部分是中国与俄罗斯远东地区的贸易,该地区位于贝加尔湖和太平洋之间。

这引起了日韩两国政府的警惕。韩国驻俄外交官朴炳焕(Park Byung-hwan)今年曾警告中国正获得“对该地区的巨大影响”,并把不断增多的在俄中资企业称作威胁。

西蒙?芒迪(Simon Mundy)首尔,本?麦克兰纳汗(Ben McLannahan)东京补充报道

译者/何黎

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